Anatomy & Physiology

Term Definition
Anatomy Studies the form and structure of the body
Physiology Examines how the body functions
Scientific Method Refers to a systematic and rigorous process by which scientists
Microscopic anatomy Examines structures that cannot be observed by unaided eye. Specimens examined under microscope
Gross anatomy Investigates structures visible to the unaided eye. Specimens dissected for examination
Cytology Study of the body cells and their internal structure
Histology Study of tissues
Systemic anatomy Studies anatomy of each functional body system
Regional Anatomy Examines all of the structures in a particular region
Surface Anatomy Focuses on superficial anatomic markings and internal body structures
Embryology Studies developmental changes from conception to birth
What do Physiologists examine? They examine organ systems, focusing on the molecular and cellular level.
Cardiovascular Functioning of the heart, blood vessels, and blood
Neurophysiology Functioning of nerves and nervous system organs
Respiratory Physiology Functioning of respiratory
Reproductive Physiology Functioning of reproductive hormones and the reproductive cycle
Pathophysiology Relationship between the function of an organ system and disease or injury to the system.
True or False: Form(Anatomy) and function(Physiology) are interrelated? True
Metabolism The sum of all chemical reactions occur within the body
Anabolism Small molecules joined to form larger ones
Catabolism Large molecules broken down into smaller ones
Growth and Development Organisms assimilate materials from environment to grow and develop
Responsiveness Ability to sense and react to stimuli
Regulation Ability to adjust internal bodily function to accommodate environment changes
homeostasis Ability to maintain body structure and function
Reproduction Produce new cells for growth, maintenance, and repair.
With sex cells (gametes), can develop into new organisms
What are the levels of organization from simplest to most complex? Chemical level
Cellular level
Tissue level
Organ level
Organ system level
organismal Level
Atoms Smallest unit matter
Molecules One or more combined atoms
Macromolecules More complex molecules
Organelles Microscopic structures within cells
Cells the smallest living structures
Tissue Groups of similar cells performing common functions
Epithelial Tissue Covers exposed surfaces and lines body cavity
Connective Tissue Protects , supports, and binds structures and organs
Muscle Tissue Produces movement
Nervous Tissue Conducts nerve impulses

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