Chapter 1

Term Definition
Civics the study of the rights and duties of citizens
citizenship rights and duties of members of a state
citizen community member who owes loyalty to the government and is entitled to protection from it
service economy where the majority of people earn their living by providing a service rather than manufacturing a product
value the general principles or beliefs people use to make judgments and decisions
popular sovereignty the notion that power lies with the people
institution sets of ideas that people have about relationships, obligations, roles, and functions of society
naturalization a legal process to obtain citizenship
alien a noncitizen
immigrant a person who moves permanently to a new country
deport to send an alien or immigrant back to his o her own country
government the ruling authority for a community
public policy the course of action the government takes in response to an issue or problem
budget a plan for making and spending money
democracy a government in which citizens hold the power to rule
direct democracy a form of democracy in which the people vote firsthand
representative democracy a government in which citizens choose a smaller group to govern on their behalf
republic a representative democracy where citizens choose their lawmakers
monarchy a government with a hereditary, single leader
majority rule political principle providing that a majority of the members of a community has the power to make laws binding upon all the people
authoritarian a government in which one leader or group of people holds absolute power
totalitarian a system in which government control extends to almost all aspects of people's lives

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