chapter 6 vocab ss chapter 6 vocab

Question Answer
king GEORGE III British monarch
Quartering Act a Law passed by parliament in 1765 that required the colonists to house and supply British soldiers
revenue income the government collects to cover expenses
sugar act a Law passed by parliament in 1764 that placed a tax on sugar molasses and other products shipped to the colonies also called for harsh punishment of smugglers
Stamp Act a 1765 law passed by Parliament that required all legal and commercial documents to carry an official stamp showing a tax had been paid
Patrick Henry a member of Virginia's House of Burgesses, "Give me liberty or give me death"

boycott a refusal to buy certain goods
Sons of Liberty a group of colonists who formed a secret society to oppose British policies at the time of the American Revolution
Crispus Attucks sailor of African-American and Native American ancestry killed in the Boston Massacre
Townshend Acts a series of laws passed by Parliament in 1767 that suspended New York's assembly and established taxes on goods brought into the British colonies
writs of assistance a search warrant that allowed British officers to enter colonial homes or businesses to search fro smuggled goods
Samuel Adams leader of the Boston Sons of Liberty
Boston Massacre a clash between British soldiers and Boston colonists in 1770 in which five of the colonists, including Crispus Attucks, were killed
John Adams lawyer who defended the redcoats who fired shots in the Boston Massacre

committee of correspondence a group of people in the colonies who exchanged letters on colonial affairs

Boston Tea Party the dumping of 342 chests of tea into Boston Harbor by colonists in 1773 to protest the Tea Act
militia a force of armed civilians pledged to defend their community during the American Revolution
Minuteman a member of the colonial militia who was trained to respond "at a minute's warning

Intolerable Acts a series of laws enacted by Parliament in 1774 to punish Massachusetts colonists for the Boston Tea Party

First Continental Congress a meeting of delegates in 1774 from all the colonies except Georgia to uphold colonial rights
Paul Revere Boston silversmith who helped spread news of British troop movements

Lexington and Concord sites in Massachusetts of the first battles of the American Revolution

Loyalist an American colonist who supported the British in the American Revolution

Patriot an American colonist who sided with the rebels in the American Revolution

Ethan Allen leader of the band of backwoodsmen known as the Green Mountain Boys

artillery a cannon or large gun
Second Continental Congress a governing body whose delegates agreed in May 1775 to form the Continental Army and to approve the Declaration of Independence

Continental Army a colonial force authorized by the Second Continental Congress in 1775 with George Washington as its commanding general
Benedict Arnold leader of an expedition that attempted to defeat British
Declaration of Independence the document, written in 1776, in which the colonies declared independence from Britain
Thomas Jefferson Member of a committee chosen to draft a Declaration of Independence

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