chapter 2

Term Definition
Fertile crescent a region of rich farmland that curve from the Mediterranean sea to the Persian gulf centered on he area between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers
Mesopotamia the area that lives between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in the southwest Asia
Ziggyrat a Sumerian temple made of sun-dried brick that was dedicated to the chief god or goddess of a particular city-state
City-State a political unit that includes a town or a city and the surrounding land controlled by it
Polytheism the belief in many gods
dynatsy a family of rules whose right to rule is hereditary
cuneiform sumrian writing
sargon Muslin sultan and hero he campaigned
Hammurabi King of Babylonia he was a brilliant military leader who brought all of Mesopotamia into the Babylonia empire . he is known for his uniform code of 282 laws the earliest know set of written laws
Indo-Europeans a group of semi-nomadic people who migrated from southern Russia to the Indian subcontinent around
steppers arid grasslands
Judaism a monotheistic religion originating with the Israelites tracing its origins to Abraham and having its Hebrew Scriptures and the Talmud
satraps governors of ancient Persia
dualism the belief that the world is controlled by two opposing forces , good and evil
Torah the first five books of the Hebrew Bible the most sacred texts of the Jewish faith
covenant a binding agreement
Patriarchs an ancestral "father"of Judaism
exodus the escape of the Hebrews from Egypt
monotheism voluntary separation from society usually in monasreries to dedicates to
Nebuchadnezzar 2 Chalden king of Babylon from 605 to 562 BC ; he rebuilt Babylon into a beautiful city noted for its famed Hanging Gardens
Abraham according to the bible the originator of the Jewish line of descent
Moses Hebrew prophet and lawgiver according to the bible he led the Hebrew people out of Egypt and back to Canaan in the Exodus According to the bible it was the journey that he received the Ten Commandments from god
Diaspora the dispersal of the Jew from their homeland in Palestine during the 2,600 years that followed the destruction of the Solomon Temples in Jerusalem in 596 BC by the Chaldean
Cyrus the great King of Persia and founder of the Persian Empire he defeated the Medians under his rule
Xerxes king of Persia; his armies invaded Greece but were eventually defeated by the Greeks
Zoroaster Religious teacher and prophet of ancient Persia he founded a religion known as Zoroastrianism based on the idea that poeple have free will and can act as they choose
Darius 1 king of Persia form 522 to 486 BC he reorganized and strengthened the Persian Empire by reforming the army and the government

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *