|Anatomy||studies the form and structure of the body|
|Physiology||examines HOW the body functions.
how organs and body systems function
|scientific method||1)make an observation
4) determine if hypothesis is supported or rejected by the data
|Microscopic Anatomy||examines structures that cant be seen with the naked eye|
|Cytology (micro. anatomy)||study of body cells|
|Histology(micro. anatomy)||study of tissues|
|Gross Anatomy / Macroscopic Anatomy||study of structure and relationship of body parts that are visible to the naked eye
Ex; heart, lungs, intestines
|systemic Anatomy||examines structure of each body system.
Ex; respiratory system, nervous system, etc.
|regional Anatomy||examines all structures in a particular region.
Ex: armpit; you would examine blood vessels, nerves,skin, connective tissue.
|surface Anatomy||Focuses in both, superficial anatomic markings AND internal body structures.
Ex: finding pulse location, proper CPR locations
|Comparative Anatomy||examines anatomic similarities/diff. between different species.|
|Embryology||studies developmental changes from conception to birth|
|pathologic Anatomy||examines all anatomic changes resulting from disease|
|Radiographic Anatomy||examines internal structures thru specific scannings
ex: MRI, x-rays, etc.
|cardiovascular physiology||examine functioning of the heart, blood vessels, blood.|
|Neurophysiology||examines how nerve impulses travel trough out the nervous system.|
|respiratory physiology||studies how respiratory gases are transferred by gas exchange|
|reporductive physiology||how regulation of hormones can drive the reproductive cycle|
|pathophysiology||relation b/w the functioning of an organ system and disease/ injury.|
|Metabolism||The sum of all of the chemical reactions that occur within the body|
|Anabolism||"Raising up" small molecules are joined to form larger molecules|
|Catabolism||Molecules are broken down into smaller molecules|
|Stimuli||Changes in the external or internal environment that cause a body reaction|
|Simple to most complex||atom-> molecule (H2O, sugar)-> macromolecule (DNA, some proteins) -> organelles cells-> tissues -> organs-> organ systems-> organism|
|Anatomic position||Stands upright with feet parallel and flat on the floor.
upper limbs are at the sides
palms face towards the front
head is at level
eyes look forward
|A Section||Implies actual cut/slice to expose internal anatomy|
|A Plane||Imaginary flat surface passing through the body|
|Coronal plane (frontal plane)||Divides the body or organ into anterior (front) and posterior (back)|
|Dorsal||Toward the bank|
|Ventral||Toward the belly|
|Proximal||Near the trunk|
|Distal||Farther from the trunk|