Matter Unit 2 Chemical and Physical Properties

Question Answer
Physical property a property that can be observed without changing the identify of an object.
Mass a measure of the amount of matter in an object
Conduction the passing of heat through a material while the material itself stays in place.
Magnetism the ability of an object to push or pull on another object that has the magnetic property.
Light transmission the movement of light through a substance or object
Chemical property a property that is shown when a substance interacts with other substances.
Qualitative properties are physical properties that can be observed without having to measure an object. Color is an example
Quantitative properties are physical properties that can be measured. Mass is an example
kilograms or grams Units mass is measured in
Weight is how strongly __________ pulls on an object. gravity
If an object has more mass it also has more ________. weight
Weight is measured in _________. newtons
One newton is equal to _________. 0.225 pounds
___________ measures how much space matter takes up. volume
To measure an irregular shapes volume you must ________ place it in water, the change in water level is the object’s volume.
To calculate volume multiply the object length by its width by its height. (L x W x H)
Irregular shaped objects are often measured in milliliters (mL)
Regular shaped solids are often measured in cubic centimeters (cc)
__________________ is the amount of mass for each cm of a substance. density
To calculate density, divide it's ____________ by it's volume. mass
________________ is the resistance to sinking buoyancy
If an object is more dense than the liquid the object pushes harder and it ____________. sinks
If the liquid is more dense than the object the liquid can push harder and the object ______________. floats
If you change mass or__________ of an object you can change if it will sink or float volume
Surface tension is a property many __________ have. liquids
The “_______” of the water is what surface tension means. skin
____________________ is a chemical property of a substance that describes it ability to catch on fire or burn. flammability
______________________ is when metals combine with nonmetals from the environments. corrosion
The ___________ of a substance affects how it acts with other substances. chemical structure
_______________________ Properties depends on amount of substance present. Extensive
Mass, length and volume are examples of ____________________. Extensive Properties
________________________ Properties do NOT depend on amount of substance present. Intensive
Boiling point and density are examples of _____________________. intensive properties
__________________________ is the temperature a substance boils. boiling point
Water boils at _______________. two hundred twelve degrees farenheit
________________________ is the temperature at which a substance freezes. freezing point
Water freezes at ______________________. thirty two degrees farenheit

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