Section 1 Vocabulary

Term Definition
Observation Using on or more of your senses to gather information
Inference Making a guess of what is happening based on your observations
Prediction A logical guess based on observations and inferences of what will happen in the future
Classifying Grouping things together on similarities
Making models Building a representation of complex objects or process
Independent variable A variable that is being changed on purpose. There should only be one Iv. Example: How much water the plant gets
Dependent variable The result of independent variable. Example: How tall did the plant grow
Controlled variables or constants The variables that are not allowed to change. There may be cv.
Hypothesis A suggested solution to the problem. It must be testable and be written as if…… then….. because. It predicts an outcome.

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