U.S. Ch 9 World War I and its Aftermath: 1914-1920

Term Definition
1. nationalism devotion and loyalty to one's own country; a feeling of intense pride in ones homeland
JW and AR
2. propaganda information, ideas, or rumors deliberately spread widely to help or harm a person, group, movement, institution, nation, etc.

information designed to influence opinion

AR and JW

3. contraband anything prohibited by law from being imported or exported.
OR goods prohibited from shipment to Germany and its allies
JW, AR
4. emphasis special stress laid upon, or importance attached to, anything:

JW

5. erode to eat into or away; destroy by slow consumption or disintegration

JW

6. Balkans The Balkans, or the Balkan Peninsula, is a cultural area in Eastern and Southeastern Europe with various and disputed borders. The region takes its name from the Balkan Mountains that stretch from the Serbian-Bulgarian border to the Black Sea.

JW

7. Franz Ferdinand was an Archduke of Austria, Austro-Hungarian and Royal Prince of Hungary and of Bohemia and, from 1896 until his death, heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian throne.
8. Sussex Pledge Pledge by the German gov that said submarines would warn ships before attacking; kept the U.S. out of WWI for a little longer

JW

9. Zimmerman Telegram secret diplomatic communication issued from the German Foreign Office in January 1917 that proposed a military alliance between Germany and Mexico in the prior event of the United States entering World War I against Germany.

JW

10. victory garden gardens planted by american citizens during war to raise vegetables for home use,leaving more the troops

AR

11. espionage spying to acquire government information

AR

12. migrate to move from one area to another area.

MB

13. draft to select a person at random for mandatory military service

BS

14. War Industries Board United States government agency established on July 28, 1917, during World War I, to coordinate the purchase of war supplies. The organization encouraged companies to use mass-production techniques to increase efficiency and urged them to eliminate waste by standardizing products.

JW

15. National War Labor Board was appointed by President Woodrow Wilson on 8 April 1918 to adjudicate labor disputes

JW

16. Committee on Public Information also known as the CPI or the Creel Committee, was an independent agency of the government of the United States created to influence public opinion to support US participation in World War I.

JW

17. Selective Service service in the armed forces under conscription.

DA

18. convoy a group of ships or vehicles traveling together, typically accompanied by armed troops, warships, or other vehicles for protection.

BS

19. armistice an agreement made by opposing sides in a war to stop fighting for a certain time; a truce.

DA

20. national self-determination Creation of national governmental institutions by a group of people who view themselves as a distinct nation

MP

21. network an interconnected system

TF

22. adequately to a satisfactory or acceptable extent

TF

23. resolve to come to an agreement

TF

24. no-mans-land an area of un-owned, unclaimed, or uninhabited land OR an unoccupied area between opposing armies

TF

25. John J. Pershing 1860–1948, U.S. general: commander of the American Expeditionary Forces in World War I

TF

26. Treaty of Versailles (1919) was a document signed between Germany and the Allied Powers following World War I that officially ended that war, forced Germany to assume all the blame for the war and pay reparations of 33 Billion dollars

TF

27. Fourteen Points a statement of the 14 war aims of the Allies, made by President Wilson on January 8, 1918

TF

28. League of Nations an international organization to promote world peace and cooperation that was created by the Treaty of Versailles (1919)

TF

29. cost of living the average cost of food, clothing, and other necessary or usual goods and services paid by a person, family, or considered as a standard by the members of a group

TF

30. general strike a strike of workers in all or most industries.

JW

31. deport expel (a foreigner) from a country, typically on the grounds of illegal status or for having committed a crime

CM

32. widespread having influence on or affecting a large group;widely diffused or prevalent

TF

33. authorities those who have control over determining and enforcing what is right or wrong

TF

34. Calvin Coolidge A Republican lawyer from Vermont; worked his way up the ladder of Massachusetts state politics, eventually becoming governor of that state.
VP under Warren Harding
30th President of the United States.
Presidential term: August 2, 1923 – March 4, 1929

BA and JW

35. Red Scare The rounding up and deportation of several hundred immigrants of radical political views by the federal government in 1919 and 1920

TF

36. A. Mitchell Palmer was United States Attorney General from 1919 to 1921; He is best known for overseeing the Palmer Raids during the Red Scare OF 1919-1920

JW

37. J. Edgar Hoover 1895–1972, U.S. government official: director of the FBI 1924–72

TF

38. militarism the belief or desire of a government or people that a country should maintain a strong military capability and be prepared to use it aggressively to defend or promote national interests;
the aggressive build up of armed forces to intimidate and threaten other nations
JW and AR

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