Praxis II 5543 Praxis Special Ed CK and Mild to Moderate Applications 5543 (Ver. 1)

Question Answer
One of the most common developmental delays that stem from the genetic disease of having a third chromosome 21 is: Down syndrome
Which of the following is most likely a sign of a developmental delay in a 5 year old child: Avoids or rarely makes eye contact with others
Anna is a 3rd grade student receiving services under Other Health Impairment with a diagnosis of ADD. Which of the following statements would most likely be seen on her IEP? Anna demonstrates a lack of impulse control
Peter is a 5th grade student who received a diagnosis that qualified him for services by using a method called the definition of exclusion. Which learning disability was he most likely diagnosed with? SLD
John is a 13 year old student diagnosed with a SLD, but is beginning to act out in class, get into more fights, demonstrate inappropriate responses to situations in school, and show symptoms of mood swings. What secondary condition might he also have? ADD
Paul is a 3rd grade student diagnosed as Emotionally Disturbed. He is not responsive to therapeutic interventions and has tested far below average in his cognitive abilities. What may be a co-occurring condition for Paul? MR
Sam, 5th grade student diagnosed with ADD. Struggles to remain seated for long periods of time, can't stay on topic for more than 5 minutes, often does not understand directions given orally/visually. Which learning preference would most likely suit Sam? Kinesthetic
Paul is a 3rd grade student with autism. He has low cognitive abilities and learns through a system of consequences and rewards for specific behaviors. Which theoretical approach to learning is most likely being used? Behaviorism
Saul is a high school student with Down syndrome. During his math class, a few students make fun of him whenever he speaks out. The resource specialist does push in for this class and should deal with this by: Working with the Gen-ed teacher on a no-bully policy that is applied to the entire class
Simon and Jennifer just found out their daughter has been diagnosed on the autism scale and don’t understand exactly what that means. How do you best explain the impact this will have on the family? Explain to them that their daughter will have a different experience at school and life than other students, but an IEP will help her to reach goals that are specific to her abilities.
Ariel with Down syndrome. Her family gives her very few limitations and boundaries at home. As her teacher you notice that she struggles to follow rules and expectations that you believe she can reach. The best way to proceed would be to: Discuss a strategy with her parents on how they can begin to hold her to higher expectations.
Emmanuel is a 13 year old student with a cochlear implant. His family does not like to take him out in public, and will often try to avoid having conversations with him. What kind of an impact might this have on Emmanuel’s development? He will separate himself from his family and try to find more peers who accept him.
It will negatively impact his self-confidence causing him to act out in class and perform lower academically.
Males are diagnosed with Emotionally Disturbed at significantly higher rates than females, in some districts representing up to 75% of the students diagnosed with ED. Which of the following is the least likely reason for this discrepancy? Boys are more likely to have an early trauma that will lead to violent outbursts.
Which of the following shows the least biased intervention for behavioral issues in the classroom? Explaining to students what their behaviors should look like and creating class norms with the students
Sally is a 9 year old student with mild ADD. The following will positively impact her learning, except _____. Being in a self-contained, special-ed classroom
Raul is a 12th grade student who is on the autism spectrum. He has low cognitive abilities, low social skills, and is barely able to perform daily tasks. The most appropriate transition for him after high school would be: An adult ed program that continues to develop his independent living skills
Laura is diagnosed with a specific learning disability. Her IEP indicates that she may use a word processing device for all written tasks. This is an example of: Assistive Technology
Paul is a student diagnosed with autism. He has low linguistic communication skills. He is in an inclusion classroom and is expected to participate in a paired activity. An example of an intervention that would help him is to: Provide a scaffold-ed guided approach using images and pictures
Imagine you were teaching a mixed 9th – 12th grade Special Day Class in English. What would be your first steps in planning? Research IEP goals and create learning profiles
Samantha is a 3rd grade RSP student who struggles with reading comprehension. How might her RSP teacher advise her Gen-ed teacher to differentiate her instruction? Discuss Samantha’s learning profile and guide the teacher in developing strategies that suit her individualized needs
How should success be measured for students with IEPs? Assessments based on SMART objectives
In which of the elements of a lesson plan would it be appropriate to use modeling as a technique? Opening
Introduction of new material
Student practice
Which of the following would be an appropriate writing unit for a 9th grade student diagnosed with a Specific Learning Disability in abstract reasoning, who also struggles with executive functioning? Using a graphic organizer, have the student write a 3-paragraph argumentative essay
Which of the following would be an appropriate objective to demonstrate a student has reached Blooms Skill level of Synthesis? Students formulate multiple step, linear equations.
Sally is a 4th grade student diagnosed with a Specific Learning Disability who struggles with math. Which of the following would be an appropriate accommodation for her Gen-ed teacher to make? Allowing the student to complete the assignment using a calculator
Which of the following assignments would be most accessible to a 3rd grade student diagnosed with moderate/severe autism? Use concrete visual tools to add and subtract multi-digit numbers
Samantha is a 2nd grade student with Down syndrome. She has low-average cognitive ability and poor social skills. Which of the following strategies will allow her to feel the most comfortable in her class? Structuring a daily ‘buddy’ interaction for her to partner with during play time
Miguel 8th grader recently diagnosed with a SLD in the area of math. He has performed at grade level in other subject areas, but he is below grade level in math. Which of the following would be the most appropriate classroom setting for him? A resource program that provides push in/pull out for math and allows him to remain in the gen-ed setting
Fabian is a 9th grade student with ADHD. He often will wander the class, getting out of his seat without permission and distracting peers. Which of the following might be the function of his behavior? Not enough information to determine
Damien is a 10th grade student diagnosed as Emotionally Disturbed. He does not show aggression, but does tend to distract and speak out often without permission. Which of the following may be a natural consequence of his behavior? The student misses the instruction and does not complete the assignment
Which of the following behavior management models would be most appropriate for a 10th grade class for students who are diagnosed as emotionally disturbed? Canter’s Assertive Discipline model
Samantha has spoken out without raising her hand 3 times since the beginning of class. Which of the following would be an appropriate consequence for the third instance of the behavior, if you were using a system that had escalating consequences? Having a brief meeting with the student to ask them to reflect on their behavior
A student in Adam’s class is currently failing. He acts out in class by disrupting his peers and calling the teacher names. Adam has tried to use both the rewards and consequence system, but has not found any success. What next steps should Adam take? old an IEP meeting with the parent and admin to discuss the behavior and create a new BSP plan to address the problem behavior
Raphael is a student with Down syndrome who is repeatedly bullied by his peers. Though there have been several conversations with the students bullying Raphael, they continue to harass him. What next steps should be taken? Create a response plan of what the consequences will be for the students if they continue to bully Raphael and discuss it with the students’ parents.
A student has exceeded expectations and is improving in academics drastically. The student has improved his reading level by 1.5 years and is getting a B or higher in all other classes. What would be the most appropriate step? Hold an IEP to discuss options for a less restrictive environment
Carl is a 6th grade student with mild/moderate autism, and has a tendency to act out in class. His teacher notices him making lewd comments to the girl next to him. How should the teacher handle this situation? Pull Carl aside and ask him what he is saying and why he is saying it.
Eric is an 11 year old student with a mild Intellectual Disability. He is studying ratios in his SDC class. Which of the following techniques may be most helpful to Eric? Using math manipulative
Ms. Edwards is preparing for her first lesson for reading intervention class, focusing on cultural traditions around the world to help students build their confidence in reading. Which of the following techniques would best help to introduce the unit? Activating prior knowledge by asking students about their own family/cultural traditions
A student with a tendency to speak a lot during activities and move around the classroom would most likely benefit from which of the following learning strategies? Acting out a scene from a play
Mario is a college bound student with an IEP. He is strongest in reading and writing and benefits from lectures and written assignments. Which type of intelligence is he strongest in? Linguistic Intelligence
Mr. Noto is teaching a 7th grade SDC class for students diagnosed with ED. These students struggle to build relationships and have significant behavioral issues. Which grouping strategy should Mr. Noto use to best support his students? Mixed level base groups
Wendy is a 7th grade student with Down syndrome in an inclusion math class. She is low performing in math and is struggling in her homogenous group. What steps may best help Wendy improve in her math class? Grouping her with higher performing students
Dottie recently qualified for an IEP under the qualifying category of ED. She struggles with reading and writing and has behavioral issues assaulting students and adults. According to LRE which would be the most appropriate setting for Dottie to start in? Resource pull out services twice a day
Joaquin is in the gen-ed setting for most of the day and receives small group instruction in reading once a day. Which type of classroom setting does this reflect? Resource pull out services
Kyra is a 9th grade resource student. She often forgets to turn in her assignments and even though she turns in about 40% of her work, she is always surprised to receive a failing grade in her classes. What skill might Kyra benefit from? Self-regulation strategies
Students who struggle with retaining information would most benefit from which of the following strategies? Mnemonic strategies
Ms. Peterson is teaching her 8th grade algebra class how to solve multi-step linear equations. Which strategy will most benefit the students with disabilities in her class? Use of task scaffolding
Maryanne is a 12th grade student with autism. She is in an SDC class and able to maintain passing grades, but still demonstrates poor social skills. Which of the following will most benefit this student? Use of functional curriculum
Research-based interventions most benefit students with learning disabilities because: The strategies have been proven to work from rigorous studies
Carline is a 4 year old pre-k student with mild autism. Which of the following strategies will most benefit her ability to learn reading skills? Having Carline follow along in a book while listening to an audio recording
According to IDEA 2004 which of the following is not considered an Assistive Technology device? Cochlear implant
Who would benefit most from the use of Assistive Technology? Any student who requires extra support in order to reach their educational needs as indicated in an IEP
Samantha experiences a tremendous amount of anxiety when transitioning from class to lunch time and often refuses to leave the class. Which of the following strategies will most benefit Samantha? Establish a routine for Samantha to go in and out of the class before and after lunch
Ms. Piper teaches a 3-5 SDC class for students with mild autism. She often finds that students begin to act out when she changes topics. What can Ms. Piper do to help her transitions go smoother? Post a visual agenda that reflects the daily routine
Alexa is a senior with an ID. She has spent time in SCR, cognitively 13 year old. She struggles to complete tasks independently but has shown interest in the cooking activities. Which of the following would be the most appropriate goal for Alexa? After the completion of high school, Alexa will be able to cook 3 simple meals for herself.
Which of the following is an appropriate transitional daily living goal for a student who is diagnosed with Down syndrome and has been in an inclusion classroom with average social ability and slightly below average cognitive ability? Cooking daily meals for themselves
Ms. Meyer is teaching an 8th grade SDC class about the theory of evolution. Which of the following would be an example of a formative assessment? Having students do an exit ticket at the end of each lesson
When creating a unit plan, what should be the first thing determined? What the summative assessments will be
Paul is a 9th grade student diagnosed with autism. He performs at a 4th grade level in reading, writing and math. Which type(s) of assessments should his IEP goals be based off of? Summative Assessments
Informal Assessments
Formal Assessments
What is the primary purpose of an informal assessment? Evaluating a student’s individual progress in order to adapt teaching to meet the needs of the student
Ms. Blanco is teaching a 5th grade Deaf and hard of hearing class. Which of the following would be the most appropriate way to provide students with a formative assessment? Ask students to signal thumbs up or thumbs down in response to a check for understanding.
Mr. Farber is preparing data to write a behavioral intervention plan for his student with severe acting out behaviors. Which of the following are examples of an appropriate formative assessment that he can use in his analysis? Classroom observations
Ms. Forshee teaches an 8th grade SDC class for students with a variety of disabilities. Most students are performing 2-3 years below grade level. Which of the following formats would be most appropriate for her summative world history exam Multiple Choice
Alejandro is a 9th grade student with ADD. He struggles with higher order thinking skills but is able to classify relationships and events effectively. Which of the following assessment types might be most appropriate for Alejandro? Matching-sequence
Dejane struggles with reading. Teachers have tracked her progress since the beginning and seeing she was struggling put her in a small reading group. Still struggling, would like to refer her for Special Education services. This is an example of: Response to Intervention model
Which of the following would be the most appropriate way to monitor student progress around a goal of “writing a 5 sentence paragraph?" Monitoring the students’ progress every six weeks
Ms. F has been monitoring the progress of her students' reading levels on a monthly basis. After being in school for 5 months she noticed that one of her students has not made any progress towards her goals. What next steps should Ms. Franklin take? Adjust her lessons to the student's needs and monitor her progress every two weeks
What is the purpose of progress monitoring consistently over the course of the school year? To inform lesson planning to adjust to student learning needs
Sheri, 5th grader with a SLD, reading at a 3rd grade level. She is able to apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding single-syllabic words with 90% accuracy. What would be an appropriate annual goal for Sheri according to this data? Use combined knowledge of all letter-sound correspondences, syllabication patterns, and morphology to read multisyllabic words
Which of the following is not an important part of determining a student’s annual IEP goals? Making sure the student has the same goals as other students in the class to make teaching simpler
Claire is a 15 year old student who is blind. She performs at grade level and is in all general education classes. Which of the following accommodations will most benefit her on her assessments? Providing the test in Braille and allowing responses to be typed in Braille
Quinn is in 3rd grade and diagnosed with ADHD. He is able to perform slightly below grade level, but has a low concentration threshold. Which of the following accommodations would be most appropriate for Quinn when he takes tests? Short breaks throughout the test
Which legislation protects people with disabilities from discrimination in the work place? ADA
According to IDEA, what does it mean for a student to be in the least restrictive environment? To be with their gen-ed peers as much as possible
According to IDEA, when does a parent have the right to disagree with or deny an IEP and IEP team recommendations? The parent has the right to disagree or deny regardless of proof or reasons
Which of the following would be accurate data to use when presenting progress on an IEP? Evidence of work collected regularly over a period of weeks
Kathy is a 13 year old student diagnosed as emotionally disturbed. She has significant behavioral struggles that limit her ability to access her education. What services will she likely require? Behavioral Analysis interventions
Kathy has demonstrated an ability to remain in class without disrupting 70% of the time and her goal is 80%. She is currently placed in an SDC setting for 60% of day and in gen-ed for 40%. What should the IEP team do to help her reach her goal? Re-asses her services to determine what interventions may help her reach her goal
What is the difference between an IEP and IFSP? IEP is student centered and IFSP is family centered
Between what ages does a student need to be in order to qualify for an IFSP? 0-3
Who is responsible for monitoring student progress towards their academic goals when a student is in a resource program? The Gen-ed teacher and resource teacher collaboratively
Samantha is a student with Autism in a resource program. She is in the 6th grade and has demonstrated an inability to interact appropriately with peers. What service should be provided to help with this? The resource teacher should teach Samantha SEL curriculum
A student needs support with developing their fine motor skills. Which of the following service providers would be most appropriate? Occupational Therapist
A student with cerebral palsy has difficulty walking in a balanced manner. Which of the following service providers would be most appropriate? Physical Therapist
Ms. Anderson is a Gen-ed teacher who co-teaches an ELA class with the special education teacher, Ms. Farber. The class performs mostly at grade level and is able to keep up with the lessons, but a small group of students struggle with basic literacy skill Alternative teaching
Ms. Anderson and Ms. Sterns are co-teaching a math class. Both teachers are providing instruction to the class as a whole. Which of the following models does this represent? Team teaching
Ms. Peters has received a new student from out of district. She notices the student should be receiving occupational therapy services. What should she do to ensure the services are being implemented? Contact the school's Occupational Therapist to let them know the student requires services
Ms. Tam teaches at a school that sends home progress reports every 6 weeks. How often should Ms. Tam update the parents of the students on her case-load? Every 6 weeks
Which of the following represent the best and most realistic way of dealing with one’s own personal biases? Working to understand one’s own biases in order to limit their impact
Which of the following are most important to do when teaching a culturally diverse class? Determine students’ cultural learning styles by researching their backgrounds

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