Social studies

Question Answer
What's the major religion in the state of Massachusetts Puritans
Bill of rights copy for this country's bill of rights England 1689
What was the nickname for the Bible The book the good book
Placed on trial for newspaper oracles criticizing the governor of New York in 1733 Peter zinger
Two important results of Peter zingers trial Speech press religion assembly petition
What was the first newspaper Johan gutonburg
What is the economic theory will of a country based on code silver supply game through trade
What is the economic theory will of a country based on gold silver supply gained through trade Mercantilism
What a good brought into a country Import
What a good brought out of the country Export
What is the second largest port in the United States New Orleans
What is it economic protest refusing to buy a problem to support a business Boycott
What is a byproduct from sugarcane exported in 1700 Molasses
What is the molasses act of 1733 Tax ,duty place by British
What is illegal trade of goods Smuggling
What is the total control of a product or business by one person of a company Monopoly
What is the term for trade of slaves among three continents , Africa Europe and North America Triangular slave trade
Who traded sugar tobacco and cotton North America
Which country had textile,rum and manufactured goods Europe
What country exported slaves Africa
What's the term for Atlantic ocean used in the triangular slave trade Middle passage
What was the religious movement in colonies asking for a return to God and religion The great awakening
Who is the leader of the great awakening Jonathan Edwards
Who is the English philosopher par you are in. Known as the age of Enlightenment John Locke
Who is writing false info about the government Peter zinger
What was John Locke's famous theory about the government Social contract theory
What was new discoveries in science of ideas about the government Age of Enlightenment
What is the world without food Famine
Name 2 Leaders of the Enlightenment movement in America Franklin and Jefferson
What was the law for bidding trade with other colonies except the English colonies Navigation act

Body positions

Question Answer
Medial
Lateral
Superficial
Deep
Contralateral
Ipsilateral
Anterior(ventral)
Visceral
Peripheral
Prosterior(dorsal)
Superior (carnal)
Inferior(caudal)
Proximal
Distal
Parietal
Line that divides into right and left halves Medial if closer to the line than another part
Towards the side of imaginary midline
Near the surface
More internal
Opposite sides
Same side
Towards the front
Soft internal organ
Near surface ; describes the location of blood vessels and nerves
Towards the back
Part above another part or closer to the head
Part below another or closer to the feet
Part closer to the trunk(body)
Further from body or trunk
Attached to

A&P Eaddy A&P

Question Answer
Anatomy Study Of Body Structure
Physiology Sudy Of How The Body Function
Metabolism all the physical & chemical process by which organism is maintained
Catabolism Metabolic breakdown of substances into simpler substance
anabolism Metabolic building of simple of compounds into more complex substances
Homeostasis Staying The Same
negative feedback Control System based on info returning to a source
11 Body Systems [Protection, Support, Movement :Integumentary-Skeletal Muscular}[Communication & Control: Nervous, Endocrine,) [Circulation & immunity : Cardiovascular, Lymphatic,}{ Energy& fluid balance Respiratory, Digestive, Urinary,Reproductive
Chemistry The Science that deals with the composition of matter
Elements substance that make up all matter
Dorsal Cavity Cranial Cavity Spinal Cavity
Ventral Cavity Thoraic, Abdominopelvic Cavity
Atoms Smallest units of elements
Molecule Smallests unit of compounds;2 or more atoms forming colvalently bond
Compound Any substances of 2 or more elements
Mixture Blend of 2 or more substances
4 Elements that makes up 96% of protoplasm Hydrogen (H) Oxygen (O) Carbon (C) Nitrogen (N)
Acid Chemical substance capable of releasing hydrogen ion
base Chemical substance that can accept (react with ) a hydrogen ion; alkalinity
salt Reaction between acid & base
Electrolytes Compound that forms ion when in solution
3 Main Type Of Organic Compound Carbohydrates,Lipids,ProtiensMonosacc
monosaccharides simple sugars, buildng blocks of carborhydrates
Protein made of amino acids;
Enzymes Are protien essential for metabolism act as a catalyst; speed up reaction; shape is important in its action
Nucleotide Building block of dna & rna; componet of ATP
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)nucleotide; cells high energy compound
Plasma Membrane cell membrane; outer cover of cell Control what enter and leaves cell
Ribosomes small bodies outside nucleus that manufacture of proteins
Chromosomes threadlike structure of heredity that passed from parent to child
cytoplasm fills the cell from nuclear membrane to plasma membrane
cytosol liquid part of cytoplasm; suspension of nutrients electrolytes, enzymes etc
Endoplamic reticulum ER. Membrane network located between the nuclear membrane and plasma membrane
Golgi Apparatus large organelle consist a stack of membrane sacs that further modify sort & package protiens for export from cell
Centrioles Rod shape bodies(usually 2) near the nucleus that help seperate chromosomes during cell division
Mitochondria Large organelle w/ internal folded membrane that convert energy from nutrients to atp
Lysosmes small sacs of digestive system that digest substance within cell;Remove waste
Peroxisome Have enzymes that Destroy harmful substances produce in metabolism
Vessicles small membrane-bound storage that move material in and out cell
Flagellum long whip like extention that moves cell; only in man sperm
Cilia short hairlike projection from cell that moves fluid around the cell
4 ways substance enter and leave cell diffusion, osmosis,filtration, active transport
osmosis through semipermable; lower solute concertration to a higher solute
diffusion higher concertration to lower concertration
filteration from higher pressure to lower pressure "pushing" force usually responsible for higher pressure
Active transport Lower concertration to higher concertration Requires energy & transporters
Hypotonic Less then 0.9 salt or 5% Cells take in water swells nd may burst; red blood cells undergoes hemolysis
hypertonic Higher then 0.9 or 5% dextrose Cell will lose water and shrink undergoes crenaion
Exocytosis cell moves materials out in vessicles
phagocytosis large particles are engulfed by plasma membrane phag/o -eat
pinocytosis cell drinking;engulf droplet of fluids
Nucleotide contains Phosphate, sugar, nitrogen-containing base
Deoxribonucleic acid in the nucleus Dble strand helix form nucleotide form by A T G C; makes up chromosomes heredity units that control all cell activities
Ribonucleic in cytoplasm; manufacture proteins according to code carried in dna; 3 main types mRNA rRna tRna
4 stages in cell division Interphase([Mitosis],Prophase,Metaphase,Anaphase;Telophase]
Cancer Tumor that spreads to other tissue
Serveral risk factors that develope cancer heredity, chemicals,radiation, obesity, physical inactivity, poor nutriention, infectious agents
4 major classification of tissues Epithelial,connective,muscle,nervous
Epithelial tissue Covers surface,lines cavities,and forms glands.(digestive respiratory,nd urinary tracts)
Structures of epithelial tissue Squamous(flat nd irregular)
Cuboidal(square)
Columnar(long nd narrow)
What is use to describe epithelial tissue Terms both shape and arrangements ex.single layer of flat, irregular cells is simple squamous
Gland An organ or cell specialize to produce a substance that is sent out to other parts of body
Mucus A clear sticky fluid
2 catergories glands divided into Endocrine nd exocrine
Exocrine gland Produce secretiins carried out of the body usually have ducts or tubes to carry their secretiins ex gland in stomach secreate digestive juices
Goblet cells Single cell exocrine gland that secrete mucus scayter ivee lining of digestive passageways
Endocrine Secrete directly into surrounding tissue include pituitary,thyroid,adrenal gland
Matrix The intercelluar baxkground material
Fibroblast Produce the protien fiver nd other components of matrix;produce collagen
Collagen A flexible white protein
Loose connective tissue Has a soft semi liquid consistency like jelly
Areolar Tissue Refereing to loose connective tissue "Space"; most common tyoe of connective tissue
Adipose tissue Primarily composed of fat cells(adipocytes)with minimal intercellular matrix; under skin act as heat insulator
Connective tissues /loose;dense;cartilage;bone
Loose connective tissue soft consistency like jelly
Dense connective tissue contains many fibers nd strong like a rope
Bone tissue Hardest connective tissue solidified by minerals in the matrix
Chondrocytes Cells that produce cartilage
ionic bond when electrons are transfer from one atom to another
an ion that has a postive charge is cation
molecules do not dissolve yet remain evenly distributed in the suspending material colloids
one which water is the solvent aqueous
will not dissolve and will settle out unless mixture in shaken suspension (hetergeneous mixture)
isotopes that fall apart easily are said to be Radioactive (Radioisotopes)
radioactive elements that can be administered then detected internally to id abnormalities are called tracers
two simple sugars may be linked together and form disaccharide
storage form of glucose found in liver and skeletal muscle cells are Glycogen
are the main form in which energy is stored fats
the study of cells cytology
dark stained region ;job is to assemble ribosomes nucleous
short extention of plasma membrane that absorb materials in the cell Microvilli
layers of membranes that further modify proteins; sort nd prepare proteins for transport to other parts of cell or out of cell Golgi APPARATUS
VERY SMALL BARREL SHAPE ORGANELLES THAT DESTROY IMPROPERLY SYNTHESIZED PROTEINS PROTEASOMES
AVERAGE CELL SIZE IS 10 TO 15 MCM
DNA REPLICATES DURING interphase
Natural part of growth nd remodeling before birth in developing embryo apoptosis
chemical that cause cancer carcinogen
all tissues derive from young actively dividing cells stem cells
support nd forms the framework of all parts of body connective tissue
the normal point for any specify body condition is called set point
what glands secrete hormones Endocrine
another term for skin cutaneous membrane
what connects muscles to bone tendons
connect bones to other bones ligaments
cells that produce cartilage chondrocytes
3 forms of cartilage Hyaline (tough translucent;gristle) Fibrocartilage(firm nd rigid;vertabrae of spine) Elastic;top of ear)
cells that forms bones osteoblast
membrane that cover the bone periosteum
membrane covering cartilage perichondrium
lines the walls of body cavity and are folded back onto the surface of internal organs, forming their outter most layer serous membrane
3 serous membrane Pleurae (line thoraic,cover lungs) Serous pericardium(sac that encloses heart) Peritoneum (forms support w/abdomen;Largest serous membrane )
Mucous membrane contain goblet cells, line tubes nd other spaces that open outside of body
Cutaneous Membrane known as "the skin"outer layer of stratified squamous epithhelium nd inner layer of dense irregular connective tissue; Is complex
meninges several membranous layers covering brain & spinal cord
thin layers of areolar tissues that line joint cavities secrete fluid that reduce friction between end of bones synovial membrane
Biopsy Removal of living tissue for purpose of microscopic examination
computed tomography CT use of xrays to produce a cross sectional pic of body parts such as brain
magnetic resonance imaging MRI use of magnetic field and radio waves to show changes in soft tissues
femoral thigh
crural leg
tarsal ankle
TNM Tumor describe both sixe of primary tumor & if invade nearby tissue Node id involvment of regional lymphnode Meatastases if spread to distant bbody regions
cata down Catabolism
ana upward ..anabolism
-tomy cutting incision of Anatomy
physi/o nature, physical Physiology
path/o diease Pathology
dis appart away from dissect
co together covalent bond
heter/o different hetergeneous
aque/o ,hydr/o water Aqueous Dehydration
di twice dble disaccharide
sacchar/o sugar
-ase suffix used naming enzymes
tri- three
micr/o small microscope
cyt/o cell cystology
chrom/o color chromosomes
semi- partial,half semipermeable
epi- on, upon epithelial
papill/o nipple Papillomaa
ultra beyond Ultrasound
blast immature cell Fibroblast
3 forms of cartilage Hyaline,fibrocartilage, elastic
Hyaline Cartilage Tough translucent material popularity called gristle, cover end of long bones (feel at tip of nose nd throat)
Fibrocartilage Firm and rigid Found between the vertebrae of spine
Elastic cartilage Spring back i to shale after its bent (top part of ear)
Osseous Tissue that compose bones, much like cartilage i celluar structure
Skeletal Muscle Works with tendons nd bones to move the body (voluntary muscle) make it contract by conscious thought
Cardiac Muscle Form bulk of heart wall, also know as myocardium *involuntary* Produces heartbeat
Smooth Muscle Visceral muscles, forms walls in hollow organs in ventral body cavitity, contraction cause gooseflesh(goosebumps)
Neuron Basic unit of nervous tissue
Neuroglia Specialize cells that support nd protect the nervous tissue
How are membranes classified Based on tissues they contain
Myelin Fatty material that insulates and protects some nerve fibers
deep fascia the connective tissue membrane that covers and protects skeletal muscles

States

Question Answer
Missouri Jefferson City
Montana Helena
Nebraska Lincoln
Nevada Carson City
New Mexico Santa Fe
New Hampshire Concord
New York Albany
North Carolina Raleigh
North Dakota Bismarck
Ohio Columbus
New Jersey Trenton
Oklahoma Oklahoma City

Comm. Law Vocab 1

Term Definition Payee the person whom the note is made payable; the person specified by the drawer as entitled to receive payment Negotiation (3-201) a transfer of possession, whether voluntary or involuntary, of an instrument by a person other than the issuer to a person who thereby becomes the beholder;
**Requires: transfer of possession and its indorsement by the holder Maker (3-103) a person who signs or is identified in a note as the person undertaking to pay; the person who issues the instrument and promises to pay; this person creates a note–a promise Check (3-104) (i) a draft other than a documentary draft, payable on demand and drawn on a bank or (ii) a cashier's check or teller's check.

Holder (1-201) a person (1) in possession of bearer paper or order paper (2) with the proper indorsement (if it is payable to them) Indorsement (3-204) a signature, other than that of a maker, drawer, or acceptor, that alone or accompanied by other words is made on an instrument for the purpose of (i) negotiating the instrument (ii) restricting payment, or (iii) incurring indorser's liability Intermediary Bank (4-105) a bank to which an item is transferred in course of collection except the depository or payor bank Certificate of Deposit (3-104) an instrument containing an acknowledgement by a bank that a sum of money has been received by the bank and a promise by the bank to repay the sum of money; a note of the bank Draft an order or a written instruction to pay, signed by the person giving the instruction; an authorization to pay is not an order unless the person authorized is also instructed to pay Bearer Paper a negotiable instrument which is payable to whoever has possession Drawer (3-103) a person who signs or is identified in a draft as a person ordering payment;
** this person creates a draft Bearer the holder of the (bearer) paper, not a specific person Issue (3-105) the first delivery of an instrument by the maker or drawer, whether to a holder or non holder, for the purpose of giving rights on the instrument to any person Depository Bank (4-105) the first bank to take an item even though it is also the payor bank, unless it is presented for immediate payment over the counter Promissory Note a two party instrument: the first party–the maker–promises to pay to the order of the 2nd party–the payee Drawee (3-103) a person ordered in a draft to make the payment Person Entitled to Enforce Payment (3-301) (I) the holder of the instrument, (ii) a n0n – holder in possession of the instrument who has the rights of a holder, (iii) or a person not in possession of the instrument who is entitled to enforce the instrument Special Indorsement (3-103) an indorsement made by the holder of the instrument, whether payable to an identified person or payable to bearer, and that indentifies a person to whom it makes the instrument payable;
**May only be negotiated by indorsement of that person Holder in Due Course a holder who pays value and takes good faith without notice of any claims or defenses

Greetings

Term Definition
Hi! ?Hola!
What is your name? ?Como te llamas?
good morning buenos dias
mister senor
my name is me llamo
good evening buenas noches
and you? (informal) ?y tu?
likewise igualmente
good afternoon buenas tardes
pleased to meet you mucho gusto
delighted encantada
How are you? (informal) ?Como estas?
well bien
thank you gracias
and you? (formal) ?Y usted?
good-bye adios
Miss senorita
see you later hasta luego
see you tomorrow hasta manana
How are you? ?Como esta usted?
very muy
How's it going? ?Que tal?
What's happening? ?Que pasa?
nothing much nada
see you nos vemos
please por favor
Mrs. senora
so-so regular

Survival Phrases

Term Definition
I don't understand. No entiendo.
Repeat, please. Repite, por favor.
Slower Mas despacio
Can I go to the bathroom? ?Puedo ir al bano?
Can I get a drink of water? ?Puedo tomar agua?
Can I go to the nurse? ?Puedo ir a la enfermera?
How do you say … in Spanish? ?Como se dice … en espanol?
You say … Se dice …
How do you write/spell…? ?Como se escribe . . .?
You write/spell it … Se escribe …
What does … mean? ?Que quiere decir …?
It means … Quiere decir …
I forgot my … Se me olvido …
Can I use a pencil? ?Puedo usar un lapiz?
I don't know. No se.
Yes Si
No No
Please Por favor
Thank You Gracias
You're welcome De nada
Excuse Me Perdon

BIO202 Tissues

Term Definition
What are the 4 primary tissue types Epithelial Tissue
Connective tissue
Muscle tissue
Neural tissue
What are the 4 primary tissue types Epithelial Tissue
Connective tissue
Muscle tissue
Neural tissue
What are the 4 primary tissue types Epithelial Tissue
Connective tissue
Muscle tissue
Neural tissue
Characteristics of Epithelial Tissue Very little space between the cells
Arranged in sheets or layers
Have an apical surface and a basal surface
basal surface is attached to the basal lamina
avascular (lack blood vessels)
Are highly regenerative
Characteristics of Epithelial Tissue Very little space between the cells
Arranged in sheets or layers
Have an apical surface and a basal surface
basal surface is attached to the basal lamina
avascular (lack blood vessels)
Are highly regenerative
Characteristics of Epithelial Tissue Very little space between the cells
Arranged in sheets or layers
Have an apical surface and a basal surface
basal surface is attached to the basal lamina
avascular (lack blood vessels)
Are highly regenerative
Functions of the epithelial tissue Provide physical protection
control organ/ organism permeability
Provide sensation
Produce secretions
Functions of the epithelial tissue Provide physical protection
control organ/ organism permeability
Provide sensation
Produce secretions
Functions of the epithelial tissue Provide physical protection
control organ/ organism permeability
Provide sensation
Produce secretions
Characteristics of Epithelial Tissue Very little space between the cells
Arranged in sheets or layers
Have an apical surface and a basal surface
basal surface is attached to the basal lamina
avascular (lack blood vessels)
Are highly regenerative
Specializations of epithelial tissue Microvilli= Increased surface area
Sterocilla= receptors for hearing and balance
Cillia= Movement of extracellular substances
Functions of the epithelial tissue Provide physical protection
control organ/ organism permeability
Provide sensation
Produce secretions
Maintaining the Integrity of the Epithelium Intercelluar Connections= Intercelluar cement, junctions, interlocked infoldings
Attachment to the basal lamina
Maintenance renewal= Division of germinative cells near the basal lamina
Maintaining the Integrity of the Epithelium Intercelluar Connections= Intercelluar cement, junctions, interlocked infoldings
Attachment to the basal lamina
Maintenance renewal= Division of germinative cells near the basal lamina
Sim
Specializations of epithelial tissue Microvilli= Increased surface area
Sterocilla= receptors for hearing and balance
Cillia= Movement of extracellular substances
Sim
Sim
Maintaining the Integrity of the Epithelium Intercelluar Connections= Intercelluar cement, junctions, interlocked infoldings
Attachment to the basal lamina
Maintenance renewal= Division of germinative cells near the basal lamina
Simple Epithelia One layer
Stratified Epithelia Multiple layers
Sqamous Thin flat cells
Cuboid Height= Width
Columnar Height several times the width
Simple Squamous Epithelium Functions: Friction Reduction

1

Question Answer
Observation Using one or more of your senses to gather information.
Inference Making a guess of what is happening based on your observations.
Classitying grouping things together based on similarities.
Independent variable is the variable that is being changed on processes there should only be one IV.
Dependent variable is the result.
Prediction a logical guess based on observations and of what will happen in the future.
Controlled variable is or constants the variables that are not allowed to change. there may be many CV.
Making models Building a representative of complex objects or processes.
Hypostases A suggestion solution to the problem. It must be testable and be written as if then because. It predicts an outcome.