Chapter 6 cardio

Term Definition
Omega-3 Acid Ethylesters lovaza – anti-Hyperlipidemics
Niacia Niaspan – Anti-Hyperlipidemics
Aspirin Ecotrin – Anti-Pltelet
Aspirin 81 mg Keppes plateletes from getting sticky
Mannitol Osmitrol – diuretic osmotic
furosemide lasix – diuretics loop
hydrochlorothiazide microzide -diuretic thiazide
triamterene and hydrochlorothiazide dyrenium – diuretic K+sparing
spironolactore aldosterone – diuretic k+sparing
potassium chloride K-DUr
Doxazosin cadrdura – Antagonist Alpha 1
Clonidine catpres – alpha 2 agonist
Propanolol inderal – beta blocker
atenolol tenormin beta blocker
metropolol tartrate or lopressor – beta blocker
metropolol Long acting succinate or toprol xl – beta blocker
carvedilol coreg – beta blocker
enalapril vasotex – angiotoensin causes cough
lisinopril zestril – angiotensin causes cough
Losartan cozaar – Antigiotensen II receptor blocker ARBS
olmesarten benicar – Antigiotensen II receptor blocker ARBS
valsartan diavan – Antigiotensen II receptor blocker ARBS
Diltiazem cardizem – calcium channel blockers non-dihydropyridines
verapamil calan – alcium channel blockers non-dihydropyridines
Amlodipine norvasc – calcium channel blockers dihydropyridines
nifendipine procardia – calcium channel blockers dihydropyridines
nitroglycerin nitrostat – vasodilator
atorvastatin lipitor – HMG CA reductase inhibitor
rosuvastatin cresot – HMG CA reductase inhibitor
feno fibrate trigo – fibric acid derivative
enoxaparin lovenox – Anticoagulants – parenterral
warfarin coumadin – Enteral oral anticoagulant
dabrigatran pradaxan – Enteral oral anticoagulant
clopidogrel plaix – Antiplatelet
digoxin lanoxin – Cardiac Gycoside
atropine atropen Anti cholinergic

Human Sex Test 1

Question Answer
3 attachment styles secure, avoidant, anxious
securely attached easy to get close to others, comfortable depending on people/having them depend on you, don't worry about being abandoned
avoidantly attached uncomfortable being close to others, difficult to depend on others, get nervous when people get too close, partners want to be more intimate than me
anxiously attached others are reluctant to get as close as I'd like, worry that partner doesn't love me/won't stay with me, want to merge w/ someone which could scare them away
classical conditioning stimulus that naturally elicits a certain response is repeatedly paired with a neutral stimulus, neutral stimulus will elicit that response
operant conditioning strength of a behavior modified by consequences of that behavior
naturalistic fallacy "is-ought" fallacy, if something is natural, it's good
appeal to nature isn't sufficient grounds for justification of behavior in humans
example of naturalistic fallacy pursuit of non-consensual sex may be evolved adaptation, men higher in sex drive may be evolved adaptation
social-intuitionist model of moral reasoning (3) emotional response, moral judgment, rationale
more like a lawyer defending a client than a judge or scientist seeking truth
are reason-based moral frameworks possible? yes, but difficult
social-intuitionist model of moral reasoning is influenced by 2 systems intuitive/automatic system – fast, effortless, operates unconsciously, only results enter awareness
reasoning system – slow, effortful, relies solely on consciously accessible info and inputs
emotions evolved systems, have triggers/functions, monitoring systems, subjective/physiological components
main function of emotions create optimal physiological milieu to support particular behavior that is called forth
sexual arousal functions (3) drives reproduction (seeking out/pursuit of partner, readies body for sexual action
has physiological components (genital response, increased heart rate)
has subjective component (conscious awareness of sexual arousal, can be discordant)
automatic process happens unconsciously (feelings of hunger, elicitation of emotions)
controlled process requires effort (overriding emotional impulses in service of higher order goals)
Pubococcygeus muscle (PC) thin muscle forming a hammock between pubic bone to tail bone, supports pelvic organs, controls urine flow, contracts rhythmically during orgasm
kegel benefits in men stop ejaculation on brink, use reverse Kegels to lessen muscular tension to delay orgasms
kegel benefits in women grip/massage penis
kegel benefits in men/women intensifies orgasms, prevents age-related declines in sexual function, prevents/treats urinary incontinence associated w/ aging/childbirth
ways clitoris can be stimulated during sex (3) directly via clitoral glands, from within vagina, from within anus
describe results of study when experts were asked to identify which descriptions of orgasms were written by which gender people wrote descriptions of orgasms, rewritten w/o gender words, presented to group (gynecologists, psychologists, non-professionals), none could accurately guess gender of authors, biggest difference in genders is ability to have multiple orgasms
predictors of more orgasms (5) higher education level, more masturbation, people who rate partner as skilled/attentive, women who fantasize about sex/masturbate/stronger PC muscle, people who have happy relationships
predictor of less orgasms religious/conservative
premature ejaculation male ejaculation in under 1-2 minutes, causes distress, may have evolved purpose
cause of premature ejaculation genetic component, performance anxiety, never learned control
treatment of premature ejaculation learn "point of no return," use start-stop method, kegel exercises to strengthen PC muscle to develop control
premature orgasm in women, much more rare, not well understood/studied, can be distressing
orgasmic disorder/anorgasmia/delayed ejaculation more common in women, partners of people with these may experience distress
causes of orgasmic disorder/anorgasmia/delayed ejaculation conditioned to orgasm to specific stimulus, anxiety/distraction/pressure, never learned own responses, relational boredom
treatment of orgasmic disorder/anorgasmia/delayed ejaculation stay focused, be mindful, integrate novelty/exploration, masturbation, fantasy, toys
female ejaculation expulsion of a significant amount of fluid at orgasm, beyond typical lubrication
3 types of female ejaculation female ejaculation, squirting/gushing, coital incontinence
female ejaculation whitish fluid from female prostate, Skane's gland is homologous to male prostate – swells during arousal, part of g-spot, leads to urethra, not all women have one
squirting/gushing emission from bladder and urethra, not exactly urine but "diluted chemically changed urine" contains some (but less) of same chemicals found in prostatic emissions, clear/odorless unlike urine
coital incontinence urine from bladder and urethra, incontinence triggered by thrusting of partner, abdominal pressure or orgasm
two types of men can have first ejaculatory orgasm with little/no refractory period
can have > 1 non-ejaculatory (or limited ejaculation) orgasms, with full ejaculation ending it
men who can have first ejaculatory orgasm with little/no refractory period could do so from earliest sexual experiences, unaware of difference, subsequent orgasms might be ejaculatory/dry, if a minor refractory period they just push through and continue
men who can have >1 non-ejaculatory orgasms with full ejaculation ending it most learned this later in life, via start-stop and/or flexing PC when on brink
what % of women and men fake orgasms 43% of women
17% of men
why do people fake orgasms? enhance relationship, make partner feel good, hide lack of desire of partner, manipulation to keep partner committed, elevate one's own arousal, avoid feeling abnormal, to end sex (bad/unskilled partner), own insecurity, avoid negative emotions
sexual plasticity/fluidity extent to which sexual behavior is plastic/fluid, shaped by relationships/cultural and social factors
which gender is more plastic? women
which gender is more likely to be bisexual? women
which gender is more likely to have kink/paraphilia that they require for arousal? men
3 components of sexual orientation attraction/arousal, identity, behavior
% of heterosexuals in population 96.6%
% of gay/lesbian in population 1.6%
% of bisexuals in population 0.7$
people with negative views of SSA believe it has social causes
people with positive views of SSA believe it is inborn
evidence that SSA is genetic/biological GLB people are gender-atypical before SSA, infant boys surgically assigned to be girls generally grow up attracted to women, prevalence of GLB similar across cultures despite in/tolerance, twin studies, fraternal birth order, handedness
twin studies concordance in sexual orientation is higher in identical than non-identical, identical twins who are gay tend to report similar degrees of gender-nonconformity during childhood
fraternal birth order more older brothers greater likelihood a man will be gay, with each successive son mom produces more H-Y antibodies in response to H-Y proteins produced by her male fetuses
handedness gay women and men more likely to be left handed which suggests sexual orientation has an early neurodevelopmental basis
evidence that SSA is environmental/social GLBs more likely to have distant dads/overbearing moms, being raised by GLB parents, reparative/conversion therapy
is SSA being environmental/social well supported? no, theories are not well supported
exodus international "ex-gay" ministry, operated 1976-2013, 250 US locations, 150 other countries
reparative therapy aversive conditioning, masturbatory reconditioning
aversive conditioning view nudes/fantasize (same-sex stimuli) followed by shock to hands or genitalia or smell ammonia
masturbatory reconditioining masturbate till near orgasm with same-sex fantasy (UCS) then shift to opposite-sex fantasy (CS)
does reparative therapy work? no, banned by all mainstream health organizations and APA
dangers of reparative therapy increases depression, shame, anxiety, suicide risk
sexual fluidity situation-dependent flexibility of attraction to genders
plasticity flexibility of sexual responsiveness in general
evidence for "mostly heterosexual" as identifiable sexual orientation substantial prevalence (largest minority), being mostly heterosexual was stable across 6 years (length of study)

8 Pronouns Ms. Mason

Term Definition
Personal Pronouns Personal pronouns represent people or things.
Demonstrative Pronouns Demonstrative pronouns are used to replace specific people or things that have been previously mentioned (or are understood from context).
Interrogative Pronouns Interrogative pronouns are used to ask questions. (The interrogative pronoun represents the thing that the question is about.)
Indefinite Pronouns An indefinite pronoun refers to a non-specific person or thing.
Possessive Pronoun A possessive pronoun replaces a possessive adjective and a noun.
Ex: "I'll show you my dog" changes into: "I'll show you mine"
Relative Pronoun A relative pronoun comes after a noun to help to identify which person or thing we are talking about or to tell us some more information about a person or thing.
Reflexive Pronouns A reflexive pronoun is used with another noun (or pronoun) when something does something to itself
Intensive Pronouns An intensive pronoun refers back to another noun (or pronoun) in the sentence to emphasize it.
Ex: The mayor HIMSELF attended the ceremony.

vocabulary world lit

Term Definition
vernacular the native language or dialect of a country or region ; everyday or informal language; using everyday language (adj)
rhetorical the effective use of words ( particularly in prose composition) designed to be impressive; showy and oratorical.
provocative stimulating; pushing or tending towards action, thought, or strong feeling.
accentuate to emphasize; to heighten the effect of; to pronounce or mark with accent
intricacy condition or state of being complex, involved, or detailed; elaborateness
introspective given to examination of one's own thoughts and feelings; contemplative.
felicitous well chosen for the occasion; appropriate; apt; having an agreeable or delightful manner of writing or speaking.
usurping to take (power, rights, position, ect.) by force, wrongfully, or without rights
comprehensive of wide scope ; inclusive; thorough
ambiguous having more than one possible meaning; uncertain; vague or unclear.
prologue introductory lines of a play ; the preface to a literary work; an introductory or preceding event.
conjecture an opinion without proof; guesswork; to speculate; to guess
terse brief and to the point ( in writing or speaking); concise
misanthrope an individual who dislikes or distrusts other human beings.
allegory a symbolic story in which people, setting, or actions represent ideas or moral qualities.
dissolute lacking moral restraint; very wicked; immoral; undisciplined
protagonist the main character in a story or play; a person who plays a leading or active part in something
despicable contemptible; deserving of scorn; vile
incongruous not suitable or appropriate; not consistent; not conforming to a pattern.
ferocity the quality or state of being fierce, savage, or relentless.
symposium a meeting for discussing a particular subject; a collection of writing on a subject
forshadow to indicate or suggest beforehand; to give a warning of
scrutinizing to examine closely or critically
evasive avoiding by cleverness; not straightforward; misleading
infer to conclude on the basis of reasoning of observation
lucid easily understood; clear; rational and sane.
perpetuates to make perpetual, ongoing or constant; to cause to be remembered
evoke to call forth; to bring out; to elicit; to produce (a reaction)
epithet word or phrase that describes or characterizes a person or thing; a descriptive name
laudable praiseworthy; commendable

YGK Am. Composers American Composers

Question Answer
Studied piano and composition and study in Europe for some time. Blended classical, folk and jazz idioms. Notable pieces include Appalachian Spring, for which he won the Pulitzer. An Oscar-winning writer of film scores. Aaron Copland
This man blended classical and jazz traditions. Lyrics for his vocal works were often written by brother Ira. Notable works include "Rhapsody in Blue" and "Porgy and Bess". George Gershwin
This Austrian emigrated to the US in 1934. Developed twelve-tone composition. Also composed atonal music, which has no center pitch. Arnold Schoenberg
This minimalist composer was heavily influenced by Indian music. He used solfege(do,re,mi) and numbers instead of the usual notes. His most notable work is "Einstein on the Beach". Philip Glass
This classicist composer is known for his "Adagio for Strings". He was romantically involved with composer Gian-Carlo Menotti. His first opera, "Vanessa", won a Pulitzer, but his second, "Antony and Cleopatra", was a flop. Samuel Barber
This modernist, experimental composer borrowed a great deal from folk songs and earlier compositions. All pieces had distinctly "American" themes. Well known for "Concord" sonata, which depicts leaders in transcendentalism. Charles Ives
This experimentalist composer was probably on acid. His best known piece is "4'33"", where the performer sits silently on stage. Also, he wrote pieces using the Chinese I Ching. John Cage
This minimalist composer often had "American" themes. He is known for his opera "Nixon in China". Also, he received a Pulitzer for "On the Transmigration of Souls", which memorialized the September 11th attacks. John (Coolidge) Adams
Received 8 Tony awards in his time. He was mentored by Oscar Hammerstein II, and was lyricist for West Side Story. He was both composer and lyricist for musicals such as Company, Sweeney Todd, Into the Woods, and Sunday in the Park with George. Stephen Sondheim
This man gave televised "Young People's Concerts" as director of the New York Philharmonic. Wrote some piano and clarinet, but best known for stage, as with West Side Story. Leonard Bernstein
This man composed such works as "Oh Susanna," "My Old Kentucky Home," "Camptown Races," and others. Stephen Foster
Pianist who composed many ragtime classics such as "Maple Leaf Rag" and "The Entertainer." Scott Joplin
First famous American female composer. Works included "Cabildo." Amy Beach
Composer of marches such as the Washington Post March, the Stars and Stripes Forever, Semper Fidelis, and others. John Philip Sousa
Composer of works such as The Pirates of Penzance, HMS Pinafore, The Mikado, and others. William Gilbert and Arthur Sullivan
Composer of "Dixie." Daniel Emnett
Jazz trombonist known for works such as "Moonlight Serenade," and others. Glenn Miller
Soviet-American composer of Gayaneh (Sabre Dance). Aram Khachaturian
Composer of songs such as Smoke Gets in Your Eyes, Old Man River, and All the Things You Are. Also composed musicals such as Showboat and Roberta. Jerome Kem
Composer of musicals such as Cats, Evita, Jesus Christ Superstar, Phantom of the Opera, and Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat. Andrew Lloyd-Webber.
Composer of My Fair Lady, Camelot, and Brigadoon. Frederick Loewe
Composer of the Israel Symphony Ernest Bloch
Composer of Four Saints in Three Acts and The Mother of Us All Virgil Thomson
Composer of I'm Dreaming of a White Christmas and Cheek to Cheek Irving Berlin
Composer of Mathis der Maler Paul Hindemith

Scientific Method

Question Answer
7 Steps of the science method? Observation
Problem
Research
Hypothesis
Experiment
Assess the Data
Conclusion
What is an Independent Variable? Is something that the experimenter purposefully changes or varies over the course of the investigation.
What is a dependent variable? Is the one that is observed and likely changes in response to the Independent variable it is the one you measuring in the experiment.
What is a control group? The group that does not have the independent variable, it provides a baseline measurement.
Describe a Hypothesis. If you pop popcorn kernels in warmer temperatures, than more kernels will pop.
How do you use a meter stick? Used to measure LxWxH
What does a graduated cylinder measure? Liquid
What does a triple beam Balance measure? Measures weight.

Praxis II 5543 Praxis Special Ed CK and Mild to Moderate Applications 5543 (Ver. 1)

Question Answer
One of the most common developmental delays that stem from the genetic disease of having a third chromosome 21 is: Down syndrome
Which of the following is most likely a sign of a developmental delay in a 5 year old child: Avoids or rarely makes eye contact with others
Anna is a 3rd grade student receiving services under Other Health Impairment with a diagnosis of ADD. Which of the following statements would most likely be seen on her IEP? Anna demonstrates a lack of impulse control
Peter is a 5th grade student who received a diagnosis that qualified him for services by using a method called the definition of exclusion. Which learning disability was he most likely diagnosed with? SLD
John is a 13 year old student diagnosed with a SLD, but is beginning to act out in class, get into more fights, demonstrate inappropriate responses to situations in school, and show symptoms of mood swings. What secondary condition might he also have? ADD
Paul is a 3rd grade student diagnosed as Emotionally Disturbed. He is not responsive to therapeutic interventions and has tested far below average in his cognitive abilities. What may be a co-occurring condition for Paul? MR
Sam, 5th grade student diagnosed with ADD. Struggles to remain seated for long periods of time, can't stay on topic for more than 5 minutes, often does not understand directions given orally/visually. Which learning preference would most likely suit Sam? Kinesthetic
Paul is a 3rd grade student with autism. He has low cognitive abilities and learns through a system of consequences and rewards for specific behaviors. Which theoretical approach to learning is most likely being used? Behaviorism
Saul is a high school student with Down syndrome. During his math class, a few students make fun of him whenever he speaks out. The resource specialist does push in for this class and should deal with this by: Working with the Gen-ed teacher on a no-bully policy that is applied to the entire class
Simon and Jennifer just found out their daughter has been diagnosed on the autism scale and don’t understand exactly what that means. How do you best explain the impact this will have on the family? Explain to them that their daughter will have a different experience at school and life than other students, but an IEP will help her to reach goals that are specific to her abilities.
Ariel with Down syndrome. Her family gives her very few limitations and boundaries at home. As her teacher you notice that she struggles to follow rules and expectations that you believe she can reach. The best way to proceed would be to: Discuss a strategy with her parents on how they can begin to hold her to higher expectations.
Emmanuel is a 13 year old student with a cochlear implant. His family does not like to take him out in public, and will often try to avoid having conversations with him. What kind of an impact might this have on Emmanuel’s development? He will separate himself from his family and try to find more peers who accept him.
It will negatively impact his self-confidence causing him to act out in class and perform lower academically.
Males are diagnosed with Emotionally Disturbed at significantly higher rates than females, in some districts representing up to 75% of the students diagnosed with ED. Which of the following is the least likely reason for this discrepancy? Boys are more likely to have an early trauma that will lead to violent outbursts.
Which of the following shows the least biased intervention for behavioral issues in the classroom? Explaining to students what their behaviors should look like and creating class norms with the students
Sally is a 9 year old student with mild ADD. The following will positively impact her learning, except _____. Being in a self-contained, special-ed classroom
Raul is a 12th grade student who is on the autism spectrum. He has low cognitive abilities, low social skills, and is barely able to perform daily tasks. The most appropriate transition for him after high school would be: An adult ed program that continues to develop his independent living skills
Laura is diagnosed with a specific learning disability. Her IEP indicates that she may use a word processing device for all written tasks. This is an example of: Assistive Technology
Paul is a student diagnosed with autism. He has low linguistic communication skills. He is in an inclusion classroom and is expected to participate in a paired activity. An example of an intervention that would help him is to: Provide a scaffold-ed guided approach using images and pictures
Imagine you were teaching a mixed 9th – 12th grade Special Day Class in English. What would be your first steps in planning? Research IEP goals and create learning profiles
Samantha is a 3rd grade RSP student who struggles with reading comprehension. How might her RSP teacher advise her Gen-ed teacher to differentiate her instruction? Discuss Samantha’s learning profile and guide the teacher in developing strategies that suit her individualized needs
How should success be measured for students with IEPs? Assessments based on SMART objectives
In which of the elements of a lesson plan would it be appropriate to use modeling as a technique? Opening
Introduction of new material
Student practice
Which of the following would be an appropriate writing unit for a 9th grade student diagnosed with a Specific Learning Disability in abstract reasoning, who also struggles with executive functioning? Using a graphic organizer, have the student write a 3-paragraph argumentative essay
Which of the following would be an appropriate objective to demonstrate a student has reached Blooms Skill level of Synthesis? Students formulate multiple step, linear equations.
Sally is a 4th grade student diagnosed with a Specific Learning Disability who struggles with math. Which of the following would be an appropriate accommodation for her Gen-ed teacher to make? Allowing the student to complete the assignment using a calculator
Which of the following assignments would be most accessible to a 3rd grade student diagnosed with moderate/severe autism? Use concrete visual tools to add and subtract multi-digit numbers
Samantha is a 2nd grade student with Down syndrome. She has low-average cognitive ability and poor social skills. Which of the following strategies will allow her to feel the most comfortable in her class? Structuring a daily ‘buddy’ interaction for her to partner with during play time
Miguel 8th grader recently diagnosed with a SLD in the area of math. He has performed at grade level in other subject areas, but he is below grade level in math. Which of the following would be the most appropriate classroom setting for him? A resource program that provides push in/pull out for math and allows him to remain in the gen-ed setting
Fabian is a 9th grade student with ADHD. He often will wander the class, getting out of his seat without permission and distracting peers. Which of the following might be the function of his behavior? Not enough information to determine
Damien is a 10th grade student diagnosed as Emotionally Disturbed. He does not show aggression, but does tend to distract and speak out often without permission. Which of the following may be a natural consequence of his behavior? The student misses the instruction and does not complete the assignment
Which of the following behavior management models would be most appropriate for a 10th grade class for students who are diagnosed as emotionally disturbed? Canter’s Assertive Discipline model
Samantha has spoken out without raising her hand 3 times since the beginning of class. Which of the following would be an appropriate consequence for the third instance of the behavior, if you were using a system that had escalating consequences? Having a brief meeting with the student to ask them to reflect on their behavior
A student in Adam’s class is currently failing. He acts out in class by disrupting his peers and calling the teacher names. Adam has tried to use both the rewards and consequence system, but has not found any success. What next steps should Adam take? old an IEP meeting with the parent and admin to discuss the behavior and create a new BSP plan to address the problem behavior
Raphael is a student with Down syndrome who is repeatedly bullied by his peers. Though there have been several conversations with the students bullying Raphael, they continue to harass him. What next steps should be taken? Create a response plan of what the consequences will be for the students if they continue to bully Raphael and discuss it with the students’ parents.
A student has exceeded expectations and is improving in academics drastically. The student has improved his reading level by 1.5 years and is getting a B or higher in all other classes. What would be the most appropriate step? Hold an IEP to discuss options for a less restrictive environment
Carl is a 6th grade student with mild/moderate autism, and has a tendency to act out in class. His teacher notices him making lewd comments to the girl next to him. How should the teacher handle this situation? Pull Carl aside and ask him what he is saying and why he is saying it.
Eric is an 11 year old student with a mild Intellectual Disability. He is studying ratios in his SDC class. Which of the following techniques may be most helpful to Eric? Using math manipulative
Ms. Edwards is preparing for her first lesson for reading intervention class, focusing on cultural traditions around the world to help students build their confidence in reading. Which of the following techniques would best help to introduce the unit? Activating prior knowledge by asking students about their own family/cultural traditions
A student with a tendency to speak a lot during activities and move around the classroom would most likely benefit from which of the following learning strategies? Acting out a scene from a play
Mario is a college bound student with an IEP. He is strongest in reading and writing and benefits from lectures and written assignments. Which type of intelligence is he strongest in? Linguistic Intelligence
Mr. Noto is teaching a 7th grade SDC class for students diagnosed with ED. These students struggle to build relationships and have significant behavioral issues. Which grouping strategy should Mr. Noto use to best support his students? Mixed level base groups
Wendy is a 7th grade student with Down syndrome in an inclusion math class. She is low performing in math and is struggling in her homogenous group. What steps may best help Wendy improve in her math class? Grouping her with higher performing students
Dottie recently qualified for an IEP under the qualifying category of ED. She struggles with reading and writing and has behavioral issues assaulting students and adults. According to LRE which would be the most appropriate setting for Dottie to start in? Resource pull out services twice a day
Joaquin is in the gen-ed setting for most of the day and receives small group instruction in reading once a day. Which type of classroom setting does this reflect? Resource pull out services
Kyra is a 9th grade resource student. She often forgets to turn in her assignments and even though she turns in about 40% of her work, she is always surprised to receive a failing grade in her classes. What skill might Kyra benefit from? Self-regulation strategies
Students who struggle with retaining information would most benefit from which of the following strategies? Mnemonic strategies
Ms. Peterson is teaching her 8th grade algebra class how to solve multi-step linear equations. Which strategy will most benefit the students with disabilities in her class? Use of task scaffolding
Maryanne is a 12th grade student with autism. She is in an SDC class and able to maintain passing grades, but still demonstrates poor social skills. Which of the following will most benefit this student? Use of functional curriculum
Research-based interventions most benefit students with learning disabilities because: The strategies have been proven to work from rigorous studies
Carline is a 4 year old pre-k student with mild autism. Which of the following strategies will most benefit her ability to learn reading skills? Having Carline follow along in a book while listening to an audio recording
According to IDEA 2004 which of the following is not considered an Assistive Technology device? Cochlear implant
Who would benefit most from the use of Assistive Technology? Any student who requires extra support in order to reach their educational needs as indicated in an IEP
Samantha experiences a tremendous amount of anxiety when transitioning from class to lunch time and often refuses to leave the class. Which of the following strategies will most benefit Samantha? Establish a routine for Samantha to go in and out of the class before and after lunch
Ms. Piper teaches a 3-5 SDC class for students with mild autism. She often finds that students begin to act out when she changes topics. What can Ms. Piper do to help her transitions go smoother? Post a visual agenda that reflects the daily routine
Alexa is a senior with an ID. She has spent time in SCR, cognitively 13 year old. She struggles to complete tasks independently but has shown interest in the cooking activities. Which of the following would be the most appropriate goal for Alexa? After the completion of high school, Alexa will be able to cook 3 simple meals for herself.
Which of the following is an appropriate transitional daily living goal for a student who is diagnosed with Down syndrome and has been in an inclusion classroom with average social ability and slightly below average cognitive ability? Cooking daily meals for themselves
Ms. Meyer is teaching an 8th grade SDC class about the theory of evolution. Which of the following would be an example of a formative assessment? Having students do an exit ticket at the end of each lesson
When creating a unit plan, what should be the first thing determined? What the summative assessments will be
Paul is a 9th grade student diagnosed with autism. He performs at a 4th grade level in reading, writing and math. Which type(s) of assessments should his IEP goals be based off of? Summative Assessments
Informal Assessments
Formal Assessments
What is the primary purpose of an informal assessment? Evaluating a student’s individual progress in order to adapt teaching to meet the needs of the student
Ms. Blanco is teaching a 5th grade Deaf and hard of hearing class. Which of the following would be the most appropriate way to provide students with a formative assessment? Ask students to signal thumbs up or thumbs down in response to a check for understanding.
Mr. Farber is preparing data to write a behavioral intervention plan for his student with severe acting out behaviors. Which of the following are examples of an appropriate formative assessment that he can use in his analysis? Classroom observations
Ms. Forshee teaches an 8th grade SDC class for students with a variety of disabilities. Most students are performing 2-3 years below grade level. Which of the following formats would be most appropriate for her summative world history exam Multiple Choice
Alejandro is a 9th grade student with ADD. He struggles with higher order thinking skills but is able to classify relationships and events effectively. Which of the following assessment types might be most appropriate for Alejandro? Matching-sequence
Dejane struggles with reading. Teachers have tracked her progress since the beginning and seeing she was struggling put her in a small reading group. Still struggling, would like to refer her for Special Education services. This is an example of: Response to Intervention model
Which of the following would be the most appropriate way to monitor student progress around a goal of “writing a 5 sentence paragraph?" Monitoring the students’ progress every six weeks
Ms. F has been monitoring the progress of her students' reading levels on a monthly basis. After being in school for 5 months she noticed that one of her students has not made any progress towards her goals. What next steps should Ms. Franklin take? Adjust her lessons to the student's needs and monitor her progress every two weeks
What is the purpose of progress monitoring consistently over the course of the school year? To inform lesson planning to adjust to student learning needs
Sheri, 5th grader with a SLD, reading at a 3rd grade level. She is able to apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding single-syllabic words with 90% accuracy. What would be an appropriate annual goal for Sheri according to this data? Use combined knowledge of all letter-sound correspondences, syllabication patterns, and morphology to read multisyllabic words
Which of the following is not an important part of determining a student’s annual IEP goals? Making sure the student has the same goals as other students in the class to make teaching simpler
Claire is a 15 year old student who is blind. She performs at grade level and is in all general education classes. Which of the following accommodations will most benefit her on her assessments? Providing the test in Braille and allowing responses to be typed in Braille
Quinn is in 3rd grade and diagnosed with ADHD. He is able to perform slightly below grade level, but has a low concentration threshold. Which of the following accommodations would be most appropriate for Quinn when he takes tests? Short breaks throughout the test
Which legislation protects people with disabilities from discrimination in the work place? ADA
According to IDEA, what does it mean for a student to be in the least restrictive environment? To be with their gen-ed peers as much as possible
According to IDEA, when does a parent have the right to disagree with or deny an IEP and IEP team recommendations? The parent has the right to disagree or deny regardless of proof or reasons
Which of the following would be accurate data to use when presenting progress on an IEP? Evidence of work collected regularly over a period of weeks
Kathy is a 13 year old student diagnosed as emotionally disturbed. She has significant behavioral struggles that limit her ability to access her education. What services will she likely require? Behavioral Analysis interventions
Kathy has demonstrated an ability to remain in class without disrupting 70% of the time and her goal is 80%. She is currently placed in an SDC setting for 60% of day and in gen-ed for 40%. What should the IEP team do to help her reach her goal? Re-asses her services to determine what interventions may help her reach her goal
What is the difference between an IEP and IFSP? IEP is student centered and IFSP is family centered
Between what ages does a student need to be in order to qualify for an IFSP? 0-3
Who is responsible for monitoring student progress towards their academic goals when a student is in a resource program? The Gen-ed teacher and resource teacher collaboratively
Samantha is a student with Autism in a resource program. She is in the 6th grade and has demonstrated an inability to interact appropriately with peers. What service should be provided to help with this? The resource teacher should teach Samantha SEL curriculum
A student needs support with developing their fine motor skills. Which of the following service providers would be most appropriate? Occupational Therapist
A student with cerebral palsy has difficulty walking in a balanced manner. Which of the following service providers would be most appropriate? Physical Therapist
Ms. Anderson is a Gen-ed teacher who co-teaches an ELA class with the special education teacher, Ms. Farber. The class performs mostly at grade level and is able to keep up with the lessons, but a small group of students struggle with basic literacy skill Alternative teaching
Ms. Anderson and Ms. Sterns are co-teaching a math class. Both teachers are providing instruction to the class as a whole. Which of the following models does this represent? Team teaching
Ms. Peters has received a new student from out of district. She notices the student should be receiving occupational therapy services. What should she do to ensure the services are being implemented? Contact the school's Occupational Therapist to let them know the student requires services
Ms. Tam teaches at a school that sends home progress reports every 6 weeks. How often should Ms. Tam update the parents of the students on her case-load? Every 6 weeks
Which of the following represent the best and most realistic way of dealing with one’s own personal biases? Working to understand one’s own biases in order to limit their impact
Which of the following are most important to do when teaching a culturally diverse class? Determine students’ cultural learning styles by researching their backgrounds

Poetry Terms

Term Definition
lyric poetry A poetry that expresses a strong feeling or emotion
narrative poetry Poetry that tells a story. A ballad and an epic are examples of narrative poetry.
dramatic poetry Poetry that is meant to be read aloud
symbol Something that represents something else
end weight The emphasis of a line of poetry is not made clear until the end of the line of poetry OR the end of the poem
tone author's attitude towards the subject of the writing/text
stanze "poetic" paragraph
refrain words of phrases repeated in the same order or position in many or all stanzas
volta the turn or change in thought in a sonnet. It usually occurs around the 8th line of a sonnet.
enjambment when a thought or sense, phrase or clause, in a line of poetry does not come to an end at the line break, but moves over to the next line
imagery creating a "mental picture" by appealing to the 5 senses
metaphor a comparison of two unlike things by saying one IS like that other (indirect/direct comparison)
simile a comparison of two unalike things using like or as
repitition repeating sounds, words,or phrases

Latin Ch6 Vocab

Latin English
deus, -I, m.
nom. pl. = dI
dat. & abl. pl. = dIs
god
dea, deae, f.
dat. & abl. pl. = deAbus
goddess
discipulus, discipulI, m. learner, pupil, student (m.)
discipula, discipulae, f. learner, pupil, student (f.)
Insidiae, InsidiArum, f. pl ambush, plot, treachery
liber, librI, m. book
tyrannus, tyrannI, m. absolute ruler, tyrant
vitium, vitiI, n. fault, crime, vice
Graecus, Graeca, Graecum Greek
Graecus, GraecI, m. a Greek
perpetuus, perpetua, perpetuum perpetual, lasting, uninterrupted, continuous
plEnus, plEna, plEnum full. abundant, generous
salvus, salva, salvum safe, sound
secundus, secunda, secundum second; favorable
vester, vestra, vestrum your (pl)
-que and; appended to the second of two words to be joined
ubi where, when
ibi there
nunc now, at present
quArE therefore, wherefore, why
possum, posse, potuI to be able, can, could, have power
tolerO, tolerAre, tolerAvI, tolerAtum to bear, endure

Sci. Rev. Test

Term Definition
Rene Descartes -philosopher
-"Reason is the source of knowledge"
William Harvey -medicine
-found how blood circulates through the body
Johannes Kepler -astronomy
-said that planets orbit elliptically around the sun
Maria Winkelmann -astronomy
-discovery of a comet
Margaret Cavendish -philosophy
-nature or the atom
Robert Boyle -chemistry
-discovered the relationship of volume of a gas and the pressure put on it
Andreas Vesalius -medicine
-wrote first anatomy book
Antoine Lavoisier -chemistry
-created system of naming elements
Copernicus -astronomy
-said that the planets move around the sun
Galileo Galilei -astronomy
-created the law of falling bodies
Isaac Newton -astronomy
-created laws of gravity and motion
Francis Bacon -philosophy
-created scientific method